Ecology of Kuphus polythalamia
 
Main Ref. Pechenik, J.A., 2005
distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Kuphus polythalamia may be found.
Remarks May reach a length of 155 cm and a diameter of 6 cm. Found intertidal in mangrove mud (Ref. 53). Giant bivalve that burrows in black, organic-rich sediments in a marine bay, setting it apart from wood-boring shipworms. Descended from wood-feeding ancestors. Feeds by harboring sulfur-oxidizing chemoautotrophic (thioautotrophic) bacteria in contrast with other shipworms which use cellulolytic symbionts to obtain nutrition from decaying wood (Ref. 114919).

Substrate

Substrate Benthic: endofauna (infauna); Soft Bottom: mud;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Other habitats: burrows;
Special habitats Ref. Distel, D.L., M.A. Altamia, Z. Lin, J.R. Shipway, A. Han, I. Forteza, R. Antemano, M.G.J. Penaflor Limbaco, A.G. Tebo, R. Dechavez, J. Albano, G. Rosenberg, G.P. Concepcion, E.W. Schmidt and M.G. Haygood, 2017

associations

Ref.
associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

feeding

feeding type
feeding type ref
feeding habit other
feeding habit ref Distel, D.L., M.A. Altamia, Z. Lin, J.R. Shipway, A. Han, I. Forteza, R. Antemano, M.G.J. Penaflor Limbaco, A.G. Tebo, R. Dechavez, J. Albano, G. Rosenberg, G.P. Concepcion, E.W. Schmidt and M.G. Haygood, 2017
trophic level(s)
original sample unfished population Remark
estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items
Update
(e.g. 9948)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by on 08.26.08
Modified by on 04.25.17
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