Maxillopoda | Sessilia
Pérez-Losada, M., J.T. Hoeg and K.A. Crandall. 2004. (Ref. 3698)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Pacific: Alaska, USA and Canada. Subtropical to temperate.
Members of the superorder Thoracica are mostly hermaphroditic. Broadcast spawners, fertilization occurs in the mantle cavity. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into planktonic nauplii and leave the mantle cavity. Afterwards, they undergo six naupliar instars succeded by nonfeeding cypris larva (settling stage) which later metamorphose into adults (Ref. 833). Also Refs. 83321, 111897 (Ref. 56049).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models