Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 87801). Temperate
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
It grows on various substrates, particularly on other bryozoans (Ref. 87801). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Gappa, J.L. 2000. (Ref. 1202)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 1.9 - 14.7, mean 8 (based on 334 cells; Ref. 115970