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Berthellina citrina   (Ruppell & Leuckart, 1828)

orange gumdrop

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Berthellina citrina   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Berthellina citrina (orange gumdrop)
Picture by Harasti, David

Classification
Gastropoda | Notaspidea | Pleurobranchidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Burn, R. 2006. (Ref. 7727)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 3.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 844)

Environment
Benthic; depth range 0 - 150 m (Ref. 7727)

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Circumglobal tropical and temperate seas.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Often with small flat shell remnant hidden in mantle above digestive gland. Color ranges from translucent pale yellow to bright red; back covered with small white gland cells which secrete milky white secretion as a defense mechanism.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Assumed maximum length from Ref. 844. Known from depths of 0 to 150 m (Ref. 7727); and at shallow subtidal depths under boulders on reefs; shells to 40 m (Ref. 337) and in rock pools up to 2 m. Hides under rocks at daytime, active at night (Ref. 844). Reported as a scavenger (Ref. 866) and as feeding on a variety of sponges and three species of corals, i.e., Tubastrea coccinea, Leptastrea sp. And Porites lobata (Ref. 84066). Members of the order Notaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

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More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown