Gastropoda | Notaspidea
Environment / Climate / Range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 150 m (Ref. 7727). Tropical
Circumglobal tropical and temperate seas.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 3.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 844)
Assumed maximum length from Ref. 844. Known from depths of 0 to 150 m (Ref. 7727); and at shallow subtidal depths under boulders on reefs; shells to 40 m (Ref. 337) and in rock pools up to 2 m. Hides under rocks at daytime, active at night (Ref. 844). Reported as a scavenger (Ref. 866) and as feeding on a variety of sponges and three species of corals, i.e., Tubastrea coccinea, Leptastrea sp. And Porites lobata (Ref. 84066). Members of the order Notaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Notaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites.
Burn, R. 2006. (Ref. 7727)
Often with small flat shell remnant hidden in mantle above digestive gland. Color ranges from translucent pale yellow to bright red; back covered with small white gland cells which secrete milky white secretion as a defense mechanism.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
): 15.1 - 28.8, mean 26.1 (based on 1478 cells; Ref. 115970
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)