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Bohadschia argus   (Jaeger, 1833)

leopard fish
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Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Holothuroidea | Aspidochirotida | Holothuriidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Conand, C. 1998. (Ref. 122)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122); common length : 36.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 122); max. published weight: 2.2 kg (Ref. 122)

Environment

Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 122), usually 2 - 10 m (Ref. 92930)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 32°N - 27°S, 32°E - 134°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific, including the Red Sea, but excluding Hawaii.

Short description

Mean live weight: 1,800 g up to 2,200 g. Body-wall thickness: 0.1 cm. Body cylindrical, arched dorsally (bivium) and the flattened ventrally (trivium). Bivium smooth. Podia on bivium small, conical , and irregularly arranged; podia on trivium numerous, short, and arranged on the radii and interradii; calcareous disc of podia around 400 micrometer in diameter. Mouth ventral, surrounded by 20 short, dark tentacles. Anus nearly dorsal, surrounded by 5 groups of papillae. Calcareous ring with large radial pieces and narrow interradials. Cuvierian tubules numerous; large. Bivium whitish to brown, variable among specimens and showing characteristics dark eye-like some specimens uniformly brown with yellow spots. Spicules on ventral tegument with various simple rosettes and biscuit-like nodules, occasionally with small hole; dorsal tegument with rosettes only; ventral podia with short rods; dorsal podia with x-shaped rods; tentacles with spiny rods and large irregular plates.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Populations never reach high densities (generally between 0.001 and 0.01 per square meter). Occasionally collected by divers in artisanal fisheries, although the sticky Cuvierian tubules make the collection and processing disagreeable. Processed product is not distinguished from those of other Bohadschia species; little commercial value. Found in shallow waters; a typical reef species, generally on barrier reef flats and slopes, or outer lagoons on white sand (Ref. 122). On coarse sand near reef structures. Capable of burrowing into upper sediments (Ref. 92930). Symbiotic pearlfish (Carapidae, Ophidiiformes) are often found in the respiratory tree or the general cavity (Ref. 122). Sexual reproduction probably takes place during the warm season (Ref. 122).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown