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Bolinus brandaris   (Linnaeus, 1758)

purple dye murex
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Image of Bolinus brandaris (purple dye murex)
Picture by FAO

Classification
Gastropoda | Neogastropoda | Muricidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Museum of Natural History in Paris. 2005. (Ref. 1056)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 3.9 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78158)

Environment
Benthic; depth range 1 - 200 m (Ref. 105998)

Climate / Range
Subtropical, preferred 20°C (Ref. 107945); 45°N - 30°N, 10°W - 36°E

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: from Portugal to central Morocco in the Atlantic, and east to Lebanon. Introduced in Atlantic Spain.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Has high economic value since ancient times because it is used to produce a purple dye (Refs. 78459, 78460 and 78461). Max length from survey in Sant Carles de le Ràpita, > 39 mm length without siphonal canal (Ref. 78158). Carnivorous and feeds on bivalves and other gastropods (Ref. 2532). Showed an annual reproductive cycle in the Catalan coast. The reproductive cycle had two peaks (April and June -July) but the first one seems to be less important because the number of immature females is higher than the mature ones (Ref. 78158). The reproductive cycle had two peaks (April and June -July) but the first one seems to be less important because the number of immature females is higher than the mature ones (Ref. 78158).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
| FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown