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Bolinus brandaris   (Linnaeus, 1758)

purple dye murex

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Bolinus brandaris   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Bolinus brandaris (purple dye murex)
Bolinus brandaris
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Neogastropoda | Muricidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 1 - 200 m (Ref. 105998).  Subtropical, preferred 20°C (Ref. 107945); 45°N - 30°N, 10°W - 36°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: from Portugal to central Morocco in the Atlantic, and east to Lebanon. Introduced in Atlantic Spain.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 3.9 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78158)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Has high economic value since ancient times because it is used to produce a purple dye (Refs. 78459, 78460 and 78461). Max length from survey in Sant Carles de le Ràpita, > 39 mm length without siphonal canal (Ref. 78158). Carnivorous and feeds on bivalves and other gastropods (Ref. 2532). Showed an annual reproductive cycle in the Catalan coast. The reproductive cycle had two peaks (April and June -July) but the first one seems to be less important because the number of immature females is higher than the mature ones (Ref. 78158). The reproductive cycle had two peaks (April and June -July) but the first one seems to be less important because the number of immature females is higher than the mature ones (Ref. 78158).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Showed an annual reproductive cycle in the Catalan coast. The reproductive cycle had two peaks (April and June -July) but the first one seems to be less important because the number of immature females is higher than the mature ones.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Museum of Natural History in Paris. 2005. (Ref. 1056)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown