Bivalvia | Mytiloida
Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione and J.D. Willams. 1998. (Ref. 1667)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 4.0 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435)
Benthic; depth range 1 - 93 m (Ref. 83435)
Climate / Range
Western Atlantic to Eastern Pacific: East Africa and Red Sea to Pacific Islands and western America.
Maximum depth from Ref. 104365 Occurs on rocky shores and tidal pools (Ref. 87907). Burrower, byssate (Ref. 104365). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models