Gastropoda | Cephalaspidea
Environment / Climate / Range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 165 m (Ref. 107300). Tropical
Indo-Pacific, Southeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 5.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 844)
Assumed maximum length from Ref. 844. A strictly herbivorous species that is common on rocky reefs (Ref. 844), and always found around soft silt or mud in where it is usually buried (Ref. 866) during the day (Ref. 107294); common in deep rock pools and tidal swimming pools (Ref. 866). Nocturnal. Emerges at night to feed on seaweeds and grasses (Ref. 107294). Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites.
Debelius, H. 2001. (Ref. 844)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.7 - 29, mean 27.5 (based on 986 cells; Ref. 115970
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)