Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Jennings, S., J. Lancaster, A. Woolmer and J. Cotter. 1999. (Ref. 3123)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 20 - 300 m (Ref. 86508)
Climate / Range
Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea: North Sea. Temperate and subtropical.
Depth range reported from Colombia (Ref. 86508). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models