Gastropoda | Neogastropoda
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum. 2005. (Ref. 19)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 24.9 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 75 m (Ref. 83435)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 43°N - 27°N, 82°W - 65°W (Ref. 83435)
Western Atlantic Ocean: USA and Mexico. From Cape Cod, Massachusetts to Cape Canaveral, Florida (Ref. 101477) and to the northern coast of Campeche, Mexico (Ref. 101490).
Maximum depth from Ref. 104440. Intertidal (Ref. 106829) to subtidal (Ref. 101477). Found in sand flats (Ref. 101477). Carnivorous. Forages on intertidal flats and creeks fringed by oyster reef and in subtidal channels (Ref. 106829). Preys on bivalves (Refs. 101524, 101525) such as oysters, scallops and clams (Ref. 106829). It uses the lip of its shell, synchronous with its foot, to penetrate, break off and force open the valves of its prey (Refs. 101524, 101525). Broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos emerged into miniature adults which further develop into grown adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models