Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Mid-dorsal spines: on segment 6, 8, and 10; uniformly increasing in length posteriorly. Lateral spines: on segment 4, 7 to 11. Adhesive glands present at the base of L-4 and L-7. Lateral accessory spine: with adhesive gland at base adjacent dorsally to L-10. Lateral terminal spines: long, 104 to 176 um, 47.6 to 80.1% of trunk length. Cuticular perforation sites: sparse, in a distinct pattern. Muscle scars: prominent dorsolateral and ventrolateral on segment 4. Lateral terminal accessory spines absent in males, instead with 3 pairs of penile spines.
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models