Echinoidea | Echinoida
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 15.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 45 m (Ref. 86574)
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic: from USA throughout the Caribbean and Brazil.
Maximum depth from Ref. 83942. Inhabits shallow reef rock and reef crests (Ref. 415). This species is restricted to shallow water less than 3 meters and more prevalent in a high energy environment (Ref. 86574). Members of the class Echinoidea are gonochoric. Fertilization is external. Brooding is common, eggs are held either on the peristome, around the periproct or deep into the concavities on the petaloids. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (echinoplateus) and live for several months before they sink to the bottom using their tube feet to adhere on the ground where they metamorphose into young urchins (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)