Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; depth range ? - 50 m (Ref. 96426). Temperate
Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea: England, Germany and Denmark. Temperate and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Found in depths of 50 m or more (Ref. 96426). This is an attached (Ref. 3123), and epibenthic species (Ref. 95730); most prevalent in macroalgae such as Laminaria spp. and Fucus serratus and found in intertidal areas. Trophic level: 1.5 (Ref. 96418). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
KÃ¼hne, S. and E. Rachor. 1996. (Ref. 2707)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models