Bivalvia | Veneroida
Environment / Climate / Range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 3 - 14 m (Ref. 113231), usually 3 - 7 m (Ref. 105455). Subtropical; 69°N - 30°N, 11°W - 36°E
Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean: from Norwegian Sea and the Baltic, south to the Iberian Peninsula, into the Mediterranean, and along the Atlantic coast of Morocco.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 15.5 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2758)
Minimum depth from Ref. 105455. It is a sessile-burrower, suspension feeder (Ref. 96498). Occurs in fine sand (Ref. 105213). In general, suspension feeding bivalves mainly depend on phytoplankton and detritus material for nutrition (Ref. 107088). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Tuck, I.D., N. Bailey, M. Harding, G. Sangster, T. Howell, N. Graham and M. Breen. 2000. (Ref. 2699)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 9 - 18.8, mean 11.4 (based on 555 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)