Demospongiae | Astrophorida
Zea, S., T.P. Henkel and J.R. Pawlik. 2009. (Ref. 81728)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Can either be ridged masses or stalked lobes. Black, slightly leathery dermis easily detached; cream internal color. Morphology: branching, encrusting, or massive. Consistency: soft and crumbly.
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models