Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; depth range ? - 384 m (Ref. 87480). Temperate
Northeast Atlantic, Antarctic and the Mediterranean Sea: Crozet; North Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Depth based on Crozet Island (Ref. 87480). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Jennings, S., J. Lancaster, A. Woolmer and J. Cotter. 1999. (Ref. 3123)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models