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Eubalaena australis   (Desmoulins, 1822)

southern right whale
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Image of Eubalaena australis (southern right whale)
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Mammalia | Cetacea | Balaenidae

Environment / Climate / Range

Pelagic.  Tropical; 0°N - 90°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Southern hemisphere: Antarctic to temperate waters; occasionally along the northern part of the Antarctic Peninsula. [Chile-Peru population: IUCN 2010 (Ref. 84930): CR, D.]

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 1,700 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 100.0 t (Ref. 1394)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits oceanic regions. It preys on copepods and krill, particularly on the surface or subsurface skim feeding. Southern right whale populations, like their northern counterparts, have been heavily depleted by commercial whaling. Although not as endangered as the northern’ species, southern right whale populations are still relatively small. Although fully protected by the IWC, there is probably still some hunting for right whales. Despite the threats from whaling, entanglement in fishing gear, vessel collisions, and habitat destruction, some southern right whale populations have shown recent signs of recovery (Ref. 1394). Surface and subsurface skim feeding. Feeds on copepods and krill, apparently sometimes feeding near the bottom (Ref. 1394).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 2 - 21.4, mean 8.5 (based on 7040 cells; Ref. 115970).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Very high vulnerability (90 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown