Echinoidea | Cidaroida
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 13.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 83942)
Climate / Range
Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea: North Carolina to Brazil . Tropical and subtropical.
This is an epibenthic and subtidal species found in coral reefs, seagrass, and rocky bottoms (Ref. 83942). Inhabits crevices in reefs and back-reef lagoons (Ref. 415, 86574), in zones of reef crest, sand, rubble, patch reef, buttress, spur and groove, as well as Thalassia beds (Ref. 86574) Omnivorous grazer and spawns on the full moon (Ref. 415). Members of the class Echinoidea are gonochoric. Fertilization is external. Brooding is common, eggs are held either on the peristome, around the periproct or deep into the concavities on the petaloids. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (echinoplateus) and live for several months before they sink to the bottom using their tube feet to adhere on the ground where they metamorphose into young urchins (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)