Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment / Climate / Range
Northeast Atlantic: Svalbard and Germany.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Occurs in shallow waters, <50 m depth, in areas of fine sand (Ref. 96391). Sessile (Ref. 3123). Epibenthic (Ref. 95730). This is a suspension feeder (Ref. 3477). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Piepenburg, D., N.V. Chernova, C.F. von Dorrien, J. Gutt, A.V. Neyelov, E. Rachor, L. Saldanha and M.K. Schmid. 1996. (Ref. 2952)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models