Aves | Ciconiiformes
Harrison, P. 1987. (Ref. 91362)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 76.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91362); max. published weight: 5.7 kg (Ref. 356)
Climate / Range
Indo-Pacific: Macquarie Island.
Culmen: 6.21 cm; tarsus: 3.11 cm.
Total population is about 1 million pairs. This bird species is known to be slaughtered for its oil, being heavily exploited for 50 years up until 1918. At present, the population has recovered and is now stable (Ref. 84934). This species is gregarious, noisy and aggressive and it is known to breed in large colonies (Ref. 91362). Pursuit diving (Ref. 356).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models