Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Indo-Pacific: Macquarie Island.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 76.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91362); max. published weight: 5.7 kg (Ref. 356)
Total population is about 1 million pairs. This bird species is known to be slaughtered for its oil, being heavily exploited for 50 years up until 1918. At present, the population has recovered and is now stable (Ref. 84934). This species is gregarious, noisy and aggressive and it is known to breed in large colonies (Ref. 91362). Pursuit diving (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Harrison, P. 1987. (Ref. 91362)
Culmen: 6.21 cm; tarsus: 3.11 cm.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models