Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 847)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 4.0 cm COLD male/unsexed; (Ref. 847)
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 847)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 30°N - 24°S, 95°E - 179°W (Ref. 847)
Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia to Fiji and Japan to New Caledonia.
Colonies are phaceloid with corallites circular or flabellomeandroid with short valleys that are up to 40 millimeters wide. Septa are very close compacted and there is no columellae. Tentacles are short and fleshy and covered with short uniform branches each with a terminal knob. Retraction of tentacles are slow. Usually a distinctive purple-grey, sometimes greenish-grey, occasionally translucent with branches having pale tips.
Found in shallow reef environments (Ref. 847). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)