Hydrozoa | Leptothecata
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Atlantic and Arctic Oceans: USA and Canada. Mostly polar, but also in subtropical and boreal.
Reproduction occurs only in hydroid stage (Ref. 1663, p. 19).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models