Mammalia | Carnivora
Environment / Climate / Range
Bathydemersal. Temperate; 90°N - 90°S, 180°W - 180°E
Northeast Atlantic and Atlantic Ocean: Iceland, Faroe Islands, Norway, United Kingdom, Ireland, Baltic Sea (Ref. 1394); Halichoerus grypus grypus: USA, Newfoundland, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Norway, Iceland, Faroe, Shetland Islands, Orkney Islands, Great Britain, Ireland, Netherlands, France, Greenland, Portugal (Ref. 1522).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 230 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); 200 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 310.0 kg (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 310.0 kg
Inhabits in coastal areas; they haul-out on isolated beaches and rocky ledges of islands. Feeds on a wide variety of fishes and invertebrates and occasionally take seabirds (Ref. 1394). Found in coastal areas; they haul-out on isolated beaches and rocky ledges of islands. Feeds on a wide variety of fishes and invertebrates and occasionally take seabirds (Ref. 1394).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 4.5 - 11.3, mean 9 (based on 1247 cells).
High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100)