Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
DeFelice, R.C., L.G. Eldredge and J.T. Carlton. 2001. (Ref. 3248)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 1 - 6 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Pacific Ocean and Western Central Atlantic.
Thickly encrusting or massive with irregular, solid form. Raised thick-walled volcano-shaped oscules reaching several centimeters in height. Exterior is pale blue-green, while interior is dirty yellow in color. Soft and easily torn, even, slightly smooth surface similar to a fine sandpaper. Megascleres are bent oxeas, 170 to 230 micrometers and microscleres are sharply curved C-shaped sigmas about 25 micrometers.
Author and year from Ref. 3248. Mainly restricted to shallow-water fouling communities, dredged channels and artificial lagoons and also on the roots of the non-indigenous red mangrove, Rhizophora mangle (Ref. 3248). Adults are capable of asexual reproduction via fragmentation, many are sequentially hermaphroditic. Sexual reproduction occurs by capturing sperm released into the water by adjacent individuals and transporting it to the egg deep with in the aquiferous system (Ref. 3248).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models