Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 2 m (Ref. 86836). Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.0 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Thick crust with or without oscular mounds: 1 - 4 cm thick; 2 - 4 cm high. Gray to bluish-purple externally, lighter color internally. Oscula: 0.5 - 1 cm wide. Smooth, strongly punctuate surface, almost hispid looking. Soft, sticky to the touch (Ref. 415). May be encrusting or in clusters of tubes (Ref. 86785).
Minimum depth from Ref. 82124. Common on mangrove roots and corals (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.3 - 28.4, mean 27.3 (based on 264 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)