Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 4.0 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 2 m (Ref. 86836)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Central Atlantic.
Thick crust with or without oscular mounds: 1 - 4 cm thick; 2 - 4 cm high. Gray to bluish-purple externally, lighter color internally. Oscula: 0.5 - 1 cm wide. Smooth, strongly punctuate surface, almost hispid looking. Soft, sticky to the touch (Ref. 415). May be encrusting or in clusters of tubes (Ref. 86785).
Depth range from Belize and Panama (Ref. 86836). Common on mangrove roots and corals (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)