Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.5 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Maximum thickness: less than 0.5 cm (Ref. 415). Depth range from Belize and Panama (Ref. 86836). Found on reef flats, and on rocks in shallow water. Very common on lagoon bottoms and on mangrove roots (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Cushion-like: less than 0.5 cm thickness with oscular chimneys; 0.5 - 5 cm long. Thin long proliferations branching off the main body; 0.1 - 0.2 cm wide, several cm long. Highly variable color from pink, to violet, or purple externally and internally. Oscules: 0.05 - 0.1 cm wide (Ref. 415). Surface smooth to the eye, but faintly hispid and distinctly porous. Soft, compressible and limp; easily damaged. Occasionally light brownish. Exudate absent (Ref. 85482).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25.2 - 28.3, mean 27.2 (based on 429 cells; Ref. 115970
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)