Priapulomorpha | Not assigned
Saldarriaga, J.F. and V. Storch. 1997. (Ref. 422)
Size / Weight / Age
Demersal; brackish; depth range 200 - 200 m (Ref. 422)
Climate / Range
Northwest Pacific, Northern Atlantic and the Arctic. Climate: polar, subtropical.
Always restricted to coastal waters and is never found deeper than ca. 200 m (Ref. 422). Mainly carnivorous and known to feed on polychaetes, oligochaetes, crustaceans, chironomids, other H. spinulosus, undetermined eggs, and detritus (assumed as a minor energy source) (Ref. 95778). Members of the phylum Priapulida are gonochoric. Life cycle: Eggs develop into benthic priapulid larvae before turning into adult (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models