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Haliotis midae   Linnaeus, 1758

perlemoen abalone

Native range
Reviewed map
Haliotis midae   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Haliotis midae
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Patellogastropoda | Haliotidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 81186).  Subtropical, preferred 25°C (Ref. 107945); 32°S - 35°S, 18°E - 30°E (Ref. 81186)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Southeast Atlantic: South Africa.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 2 - 2.5 cm Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 356)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species is one of 5 Haliotis species endemic to South Africa. It is the largest and most abundant of the abalone species in this country. Found on rocky reefs between the intertidal and subtidal zones up to a depth of 10 m (Ref. 81186). Broadcast spawner. No mating behavior. Spawning is initiated by the release of sperm cloud stimulating the females to release their eggs. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into trocophore larva moving actively in the water column and shortly after develops into veliger larvae, followed by substrate settlement and metamorphosis. Also Refs. 81186, 105512, 105513 (Ref. 105511). Peak spawning observed between April and June (Ref. 105514).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Broadcast spawner. No mating behavior. Spawning is initiated by the release of sperm cloud stimulating the females to release their eggs. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into trocophore larva moving actively in the water column and shortly after develops into veliger larvae, followed by substrate settlement and metamorphosis. Also Refs. 81186, 105512, 105513.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (15 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
High