Gastropoda | Patellogastropoda
Demir, M. 2003. (Ref. 2754)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 12.3 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 99669); common length : 8.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 438); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 99669)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 2754)
Climate / Range
Subtropical, preferred 19°C (Ref. 107945)
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: Western Europe to Guinea (Ref. 438).
Collected from the sublittoral zone, from low tide up to a depth of 200 m (Ref. 2754). Offshore (Ref. 438). Collected from the supralittoral and mediolittoral or intertidal zones (Ref. 2754). Gonochoric; broadcast spawners (males release first before the females). Spawning occurs from spring to late autumn (Ref. 99669).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models