Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Southern Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Antarctic. Subtropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 197.00 g (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 2.69 cm; tarsus: 3.31 cm; wing: 19.4 cm.
Total Length: 28 to 30 cm; Wingspan: 58 to 66 cm (Ref. 8812). Total population is several million birds (Ref. 84934). Dipping; surface seizing; open-water; subantarctic waters (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cherel, Y., C.-A. Bost, C. Guinet and H. Weimerskirch. 2005. (Ref. 89128)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (20 of 100)