Gastropoda | Cephalaspidea
Environment / Climate / Range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 83435). Subtropical
Arctic; Northern and Western Atlantic: USA and Canada. Subtropical and polar climates.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 1.8 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435)
Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites.
Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione and J.D. Willams. 1998. (Ref. 1667)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
): 9.9 - 24, mean 20.7 (based on 160 cells).