Bivalvia | Ostreoida
Natural History Museum Rotterdam (NMR). 2007. (Ref. 77634)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 0 - 84 m (Ref. 89006), usually 0 - 40 m (Ref. 73831)
Climate / Range
Western Pacific. Tropical, subtropical, and temperate.
Found intertidal on fine sand (Ref. 53). Creates large lettuce leaf-like formation on intertidal to subtidal depths among rubble and weed; a group of 5 to 20 specimens is often seen with surrounding epiphytic growths on the left valve (Ref. 101147). Living at 10-67 m (Ref. 89006). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models