Demospongiae | Lithistida
Kelly, M. 2007. (Ref. 89546)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 179 - 1093 m (Ref. 102189)
Climate / Range
Western Pacific: New Caledonia and New Zealand. Tropical to temperate.
Dredged from hard rocky, volcanic substrata (Ref. 89546). Filter-feeder (Ref. 68823). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models