Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
Bamber, R.N. 2009. (Ref. 83931)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 3570 - ? m (Ref. 83931)
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic and Eastern Pacific.
Minimum depth based on Ref. 83931. Inhabits abyssal zone (Ref. 8430). Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models