Gastropoda | Neogastropoda
Templado, J. and R. Villanueva. 2010. (Ref. 85339)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 1 - 100 m (Ref. 105991)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 49°N - 27°N, 29°W - 37°E
Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean: from France to Spain, Portugal, Morocco, Madeira Island and Canary Islands, including the Mediterranean.
Intertidal to a depth of 80 m. Found in a lagoon (Ref. 105976). Inhabits rocky, sandy-mud and mud substrata (Ref. 105992). Also found on seagrass (Ref. 85545). Opportunistic feeder, exhibiting both carnivory and scavenging. Feeds on a variety of bivalves, including gastropods, barnacles, tunicates, bryozoans, carrion and its conspecifics. Employs drilling and chipping patterns on certain bivalves (Ref. 106099). Members of the order Neogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models