Bivalvia | Myoida
Raines, B. and M. Huber. 2012. (Ref. 93550)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 4.5 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435)
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 800 m (Ref. 95344)
Climate / Range
Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean, Antarctic and the Arctic. Circumglobal.
Benthic; found on sand and rubble (Ref. 93550) in reefs (Ref. 3209). Inhabits the intertidal zone, attached by byssus on algal holdfasts, mussel mats and in empty burrows of rock boring bivalves (Ref. 95344). Inhabits hard bottoms (Ref. 2780). Free-living (Ref. 3123). Specimens were taken from logs washed up on the beaches (Ref. 88739). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models