Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Gappa, J.L. 2000. (Ref. 1202)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 1 - 70 m (Ref. 86508)
Climate / Range
Western Pacific, Western Atlantic, Antarctic and the Mediterranean Sea. Temperate and subtropical.
Minimum depth range reported from Brazil (Ref. 96569) and maximum depth range from Colombia (Ref. 86508). In Belize, it was found in a submarine cave near Columbus Cay (Ref. 87209). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models