Mammalia | Carnivora
Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 180 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 148.0 kg (Ref. 1394)
Climate / Range
Temperate; 90°N - 90°S, 130°E - 120°W
Pacific Ocean, Black Sea and the Arctic. Boreal to polar.
Feeds on several species of fish and crustaceans (Ref. 1394). Feeds on several species of fish and crustaceans (Ref. 1394).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100)