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Holothuria edulis   Lesson, 1830


Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Holothuria edulis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Holothuria edulis (pinkfish)
Picture by Purcell, Steven

Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Holothuroidea | Aspidochirotida | Holothuriidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Conand, C. 1998. (Ref. 122)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122); max. published weight: 300.00 g (Ref. 122)


Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 45 m (Ref. 800)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 30°N - 35°S, 32°E - 128°W (Ref. 97480)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions


Short description

Mean live weight 200 to 300 g; body-wall thickness 0.3 cm. Body cylindrical, elongate, eight rounded ends. Tegument rough. Podia sparse on bivium, ending in a small disc of around 100 micrometer in diameter; podia on trivium numerous, short and stout, distributed on the radii and interradii, their calcareous disc around 460 micrometer in diameter. Mouth ventral, surrounded by 20 grey tentacles. Anus sub dorsal. Calcareous ring with large radial pieces and narrow interradials. Cuvierian tubules absent. A characteristic black or dark mediodorsal band; coloration lighter laterally; trivium lighter, with small, dark dots. Spicules on tegument with tables and rosettes; tables with circular small disc, having a single hole in the middle, and bearing a spire ending in spines which may form a Maltese crown; presence of rosettes with holes (2 small and 2 larger holes); a second form of rosette with 6 holes and small perforated plates mostly found in the dorsal tegument; ventral podia with large plates and rods; dorsal podia with nodose rods or showing holes at their ends.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Not processed product looks similar to that of Holothuria atra and is of low commercial value. A common shallow water species; mostly on inner and outer flats of coastal reefs, back reefs, or shallow coastal lagoons; specimens from barrier reefs have been reported to have a brown bivium and whitish trivium. Most abundant on sandy-muddy grounds with rubble or coral patches and in seagrass beds (Ref. 122). Also common on sandy-silt sand mixed with coral rubble (Ref. 92930). Mean population density around 0.1 per square meter or not exceeding 0.1 per square meter (Ref. 122).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
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More information

Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (25 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)