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Holothuria forskali   Chiaje, 1841

black sea cucumber

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Holothuria forskali   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Holothuria forskali (black sea cucumber)
Picture by Coudre, Christian

Classification
Holothuroidea | Aspidochirotida | Holothuriidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Göthel, H. 1992. (Ref. 358)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 25.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 358)

Environment
Benthic; depth range 1 - 125 m (Ref. 85345)

Climate / Range
Subtropical

Distribution
Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Maximum size: 25 cm. Body: with more or less round cross section; ventral face with 3 lines with parapodes with suction cup. Tegument: more fragile constellated with multiple papillae. Color: Brown; papillae, in a variable number, being of beige or white color, at always brown end. The animal is equipped with tubes of Vat which it expels with the least stimulus (Ref. 358).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum size: 25 cm. Species presents at all depths. In the event of stimulus by contact, defends itself by expelling its tubes of Vat. Very adherent, they discourage frequently inclinations of the possible attackers or predatory. When the stimulus persist, the animal can go until excreting the whole of its digestive tract. The tubes of Vat and the bodies assigned to digestion are regenerated in the span of a few weeks if the conditions are favorable (Ref. 358). habitat: Hard funds of primary education types and secondary, more rarely in herbarium; very commune in the Mediterranean basin. Nourishes various organic fragments, (charging) literally the elements of the ground in its oral opening; located at the back of the body, using its tentacles oral of flattened form. The animal sorts and introduces the edible organic substances, and rejects the elements not metabolized, particularly sand, in the form of lengthened excrements (Ref. 358). Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (15 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown