Holothuroidea | Aspidochirotida
Massin, C., S. Uthicke, S.W. Purcell, F.W.E. Rowe and Y. Samyn. 2009. (Ref. 80470)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 48.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80470); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80470); max. published weight: 2.8 kg (Ref. 122)
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 25 m (Ref. 108901), usually 0 - 10 m (Ref. 108901)
Climate / Range
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Papua New Guinea and Australia.
Maximum depth from Ref. 92930. Found on inner reef flats, coastal lagoons, seagrass beds, or sandflats at depths of 0 to 30 m (Ref. 92930). Occurs predominantly from 0 to 10 m (Ref. 98471). During specific time of the day, it buries in sand or muddy-sand (Ref. 92930). Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models