Holothuroidea | Aspidochirotida
Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum. 2003. (Ref. 473)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 800)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 81020)
Climate / Range
Indo-West Pacific: New Caledonia, Palau and Philippines.
Found on sandy areas also on dead coral down to 20 m; covered with a layer of sand (Ref. 800). Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100)