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Homarus gammarus   (Linnaeus, 1758)

European lobster
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Image of Homarus gammarus (European lobster)
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Classification
Malacostraca | Decapoda | Nephropidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 441); common length : 40.0 cm BASL male/unsexed; (Ref. 441); max. published weight: 6.0 kg (Ref. 4)

Environment
Benthic; depth range 0 - 150 m (Ref. 4), usually ? - 50 m (Ref. 4)

Climate / Range
Subtropical, preferred 12°C (Ref. 107945); 69°N - 29°N, 28°W - 32°E (Ref. 4)

Distribution
Northeast Atlantic, Mediterranean and Black Sea. Not in east of Crete and in the Baltic Sea.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Common total length: 23 to 50 cm. Occurs on the continental shelf at depths of 0 to 150 m, usually not deeper than 50 m. Found on hard substrates such as rock or hard mud. Nocturnal and territorial living in holes or crevices. Females with eggs are usually found throughout the year. The eggs are laid around July and carried for 10 to 11 months (Ref. 4). Indiscriminate scavengers, omnivorous or carnivorous. Feeds primarily on malacostracan crustaceans, gastropod molluscs, and polychaete annelids; but diet known to include carrion, echinoderms, lamellibranchs and plant matter (Ref. 96319). Females with eggs are usually found throughout the year. The eggs are laid around July and carried for 10 to 11 months (Ref. 4). Coupling occurs a few days after the female molts (Ref. 80921). Relative reproductive potential (size class in population with most potential to produce eggs) modal size class is 9.6-10.0 cm CL (Ref. 80930).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: experimental
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high