Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida
Hooper, J.N.A., J.A. Kennedy and R.W.M. van Soest. 2000. (Ref. 81108)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 9 - 70 m (Ref. 108903)
Climate / Range
Indo-Pacific and Caribbean.
Maximum depth range from Ref. 108292. Depth range values based on occurrence; to be replaced with a better reference. Hosts alpheid shrimps in its canals (Refs. 86626, 86672) (Ref. 83408). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models