Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Indo-Pacific, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean and the Arctic: North America and Europe.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 118.00 g (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 2.32 cm; wing: 22.1 cm.
Total Length: 25 to 30 cm; Wingspan: 63 to 66 cm (Ref. 8812). Dipping; surface seizing; coastal (Ref. 356). Estuarine (Ref. 116102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lepage, D. 2007. (Ref. 7816)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (20 of 100)