Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 5.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 415)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Central Atlantic.
Massive-amorphous to globular. Black externally, tan internally. Surface with conules 0.2 - 0.3 cm high, 0.1 - 0.4 cm apart. Membrane-bearing oscules: 0.1 - 0.5 cm wide; scattered or on mound-like elevations. Compressible, tough to tear. Overgrown by other organisms (Ref. 415).
Common on mangroves, sea grass, and shallow reefs; 0.5 to 5 m deep (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)