Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Indo-Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Antarctic. Tropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 58.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 1.1 kg (Ref. 356)
Wing: 397 cm.
Wingspan: 128 to 142 cm (Ref. 8812). Found in the pelagic zone, beach and shoreline (Ref. 116102). Surface seizing; coastal (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 2.4 - 22.9, mean 13.5 (based on 1883 cells).
Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100)