Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Indo-West Pacific and Southwest Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 43.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 350.00 g (Ref. 356)
Wing: 29.35 cm.
Total Length: 38 to 43 cm; Wingspan: 91 to 96 cm (Ref. 8812). Surface dipping; kleptoparasitism; coastal (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100)