Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Indo-Pacific, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean and the Arctic: Argentina, Belize, Chile, and Costa Rica. Tropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 280.00 g (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 3.07 cm; tarsus: 4.23 cm; wing: 27.7 cm.
Total Length: 33 to 36 cm; Wingspan: 81 to 84 cm (Ref. 8812). Found on bay and nearshore, beach and shoreline (Ref. 116102). Scavenging; dipping; coastal; <30 km. Breeds the prairies of North America and migrates to the Pacific Ocean coast of South America, reaching Chile and Argentina (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lepage, D. 2007. (Ref. 7816)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100)