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Padina gymnospora   (Kützing) Sonder, 1871

funnelweed

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Padina gymnospora   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Padina gymnospora (funnelweed)
Padina gymnospora
Picture by Poppe, Guido and Philippe

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Phaeophyceae | Dictyotales | Dictyotaceae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 14 m (Ref. 83908).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Atlantic Ocean: from North Carolina, USA south to Brazil including the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean and Bermuda, east to Salvage (Selvagens) Islands and south to Angola, including the Mediterranean (Israel), Canary, Cape Verde and Ascension Island; Indian Ocean: In the Arabian Sea south to South Africa, including the Persian Gulf, Seychelles, Madagascar and Réunion, east to India and south to Western Australia including Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea; Pacific Ocean: from Korea to the South China Sea south to Queensland, Australia, east to Hawaiian Islands including Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji and Samoan Archipelago.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 6.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82093)

Short description Morphology

Thalli, attached by a small stupose rhizoidal base, are to 6.5 cm high, flabellate and composed of several lobes with inrolled margins. The superior surface (the side toward which the margin is inrolled) is slightly to moderately calcified. Thalli are olive-brown in colour. In transverse section the thallus is composed of 4-6 layers of cells in the mid-regions and up to 8-9 layers near the base. Hair rows are present on both sides of the thallus, but more conspicuous on the inferior side of the thallus. Tetrasporangia are arranged in concentric lines, above each hair row, mainly (but not exclusively) developed on the superior surface. An evanescent indusium is present but is usually only clearly visible in very young sori. Tetrasporangia are ovoid, up to 100 μm long and 70 μm wide. Gametophytes were not observed (Ref. 82093).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Padina gymnospora is characterised by the thick thallus (up to 8 cell layers), the distribution of sporangia primarily on the superior surface of the thallus and the evanescent indusium (Allender and Kraft 1983, Womersley 1987) (Ref. 82093). Specimens are collected in shallow pools in the sublittoral fringe (Ref. 82093).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Guiry, M.D. and G.M. Guiry. 2009. (Ref. 80701)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | AlgaeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Price category (Ref. 80766)